Women’s Museum

Women’s Museum

Tamar Abakelia

1905-53 / Sculptor, painter. While studying at the Tbilisi State Academy of Art, young Tamar attracted the attention of Iakob Nikoladze, who invited her to his studio to learn sculpture.

By Tamta Melashvili

Nino Abashidze-Orbeliani

1838-1919 / Poet, actress. Nino had a difficult and tragic youth. In the 1860s Nino's poems were published in many journals: Tsiskari, Droeba, Iveria, Kvali, Teatri, Teatri da Tskhovreba, Sakhalkho Gazeti, Tsnobis Purtseli, Nakaduli and Jejili.

By Lela Gaprindashvili

Elene Akhvlediani

1901-75 / Painter. Elene studied at the Tbilisi Academy of Art and in 1922 left for Paris with a group of several other Georgian artists to study.

By Tamta Melashvili

Vera Bardavelidze

1899-1970 / Academic. This famous academic was key in establishing Georgian ethnography as a branch of study.

By Eka Aghdgomelashvili

Elisabed Cherkezishvili

1863-1948 / Actress. Elisabed entered the Tbilisi theatre troupe in 1886. Among her most popular roles were Khanuma ("Khanuma

By Shorena Gabunia

Mariam Dadiani-Anchabadze

1870-1959 / Public figure. Mariam's education movement in Sukhumi served as a stimulus to the establishment of literacy promotion society branches in Ochamchire and Gudauta.

By Lela Gaprindashvili

Elene Dariani-Bakradze

1897-1979 / Poet. Elene Dariani is one of the most mysterious figures in Georgian literary history. A collection of 14 poems under the title "Dariani Cycle" is listed among the works of famous poet Paolo Iashvili. 

By Tamta Melashvili

Barbare Eristavi-Jorjadze

1833-1895 / Writer. In the 1890s, Barbare published a letter about the "women question" titled "A few words for young men", which is rightly considered a manifesto of Georgian feminism. 

By Lela Gaprindashvili

Anastasia Eristavi-Khoshtaria

1868-1951 / Writer. Anastasia was born into an aristocratic family in Gori. She worked as a teacher in her home town and founded a free school for peasant children there. Later she founded the women's organization Mandilosani (1913-14). 

By Ekaterine Pirtskhalava

Nato Gabunia

1859-1910 / Actress. Nato began her acting career at age 16 in Gori and soon after she gained popularity in Tbilisi as well. In 1879 she became a permanent theatre troupe member.

By Shorena Gabunia

Gandegili /Domenika Eristavi/

1864-1929 / Writer, translator, journalist.c Writer Domenika Eristavi, who went by the pseudonym Gandegili ("Hermit"), was known as "the Georgian Georges Sand". 

By Eka Tsereteli

Mariam Garikhuli

1883-1960 / Writer, actress. Mariam passionately read both Georgian and Russian literature from an early age and became a civic activist in her youth. Mariam's search for herself in society brought her to the Georgian theatre.

By Ekaterine Pirtskhalava

Despine Gelovani-Banovani

1880-1934 / Writer, public figure. The short stories, sketches, ethnographic works and letters from Lechkhumi of Despine Gelovani (literary pseudonym: Banovani) were published starting in 1898 in Georgian journals. 

By Ekaterine Pirtskhalava

Nutsa /Nino/ Ghoghoberidze

1902-66 / Film director. Nutsa became the first female Georgian film director at the age of 25. She only shot three films during her career.

By Tamar Tata Tsopurashvili

Sapo Gigineishvili-Mgeladze

1894-1936 / Writer. Sapo published her first works in the Georgian press under the pseudonyms "woman from Guria", "woman from Etsera", "female worker" and "Sani".

By Lela Gaprindashvili

Mariam Jambakur-Orbeliani

1852-1941 / Public figure. In 1879 Mariam Jambakur-Orbeliani was a founding member of the Society for the Promotion of Literacy among Georgians. 

By Tamar Tata Tsopurashvili

Aleksandra Japaridze

1895-1974 / Mountain climber. Aleksandra climbed almost all the major peaks of the Caucasus and was the first woman to set foot on the Georgian mountains Tetnuldi and Ushba. During her life she won every prize given for mountain-climbing and also taught her craft to generations of young climbers. 

By Eka Aghdgomelashvili

Mzia /Medea/ Jugheli

1924 - / Athlete. Mzia Jugheli was the first Georgian female Olympic champion, eight-time Soviet champion and winner or medallist in many international artistic gymnastics tournaments.

By Shorena Gabunia

Ana Kalandadze

1924-2008 / Poet. Ana's first published poetry, in Literatura da Khelovneba in 1946, met with great success. 

By Tamar Tata Tsopurashvili

Elisabed /Liziko/ Kavtaradze

1905-88 / Writer, dissident. In 1928 she was arrested in Sukhumi and accused of "anti-Soviet activities". She was first placed in the Metekhi prison in Tbilisi and later, in 1929, sent to Tomsk Region in Russia.

By Irakli Khvadagiani

Gayane Khachaturyan

1942-2009 / Painter. Gayane became interested in painting at an early age. She studied formally and prepared to enter the Tbilisi Art Academy but ultimately did not do so at the recommendation of famous artist Aleskandre Bazhbeuk-Melikov, who did not want her to lose her "original vision". 

By Kristine Darchia

Nadezhda Kharadze

1912-99 / Opera singer. She soon became the Tbilisi Opera's prima donna.

By Shorena Gabunia

Tinatin Khaukhchishvili

1919-2011 / Academic. Tinatin was an outstanding specialist of classical philology, a doctor of philology, a professor and a scholar at the Georgian National Academy of Sciences. During her long life, she made important contributions to the development of epigraphy, classical philology and kartvelology (Georgian studies) in Georgia. 

By Ekaterine Pirtskhalava

Klara Kvees

1903-90 / Painter. Klara was born in Tbilisi to an ethnic Latvian family. In 1921 she entered the Tbilisi Art Academy, from which she was later expelled for her "infatuation with modernist art". 

By Kristine Darchia

Ema Lalaeva-Ediberidze

1904-91 / Painter . Ema Lalaeva-Ediberidze started painting at a very young age. She entered the Tbilisi State Academy of Art in 1921

By Kristine Darchia

Barbare /Varinka/ Machavariani-Tsereteli

1874-1948 / Composer, public figure. In 1895 Akaki's famous poem "Suliko" was published and the author himself asked Varinka to write the tune to go along with it. Thus was created the legendary song. 

By Lela Gaprindashvili

Ketevan Maghalashvili

1894-1973 /Painter. Ketevan is considered one of the first Georgian female portrait artists.

By Tamta Melashvili

Marijani

1890-1978 / Poet, writer. In 1921 her first collection of poetry was published. Later, the Soviet literary establishment would ignore the boldly erotic nature of her poetry and christen her only as a children's author.

By Tamta Melashvili

Rusudan Mepisashvili

1913-2002 / Art historian. Rusudan was an art historian, doctor of architecture (1971), and a meritorious Georgian artist (1982).

By Ekaterine Pirtskhalava

Elene /Elo/ Metreveli

1917-2003 / Academic. Elene was a researcher of the history of old Georgian writing, a scholar at the Georgian Academy of Sciences and an honorary doctor at Tubingen University in Germany

By Tamta Tatarashvili

Kato Mikeladze

1878-1942 / Journalist, public figure. Kato went to Europe to study in 1906. After graduating from Brussels University with a degree in social and political sciences, she settled in Paris, where she remained until 1915, familiarizing herself with the experience of the women's movement in Europe.

By Lela Gaprindashvili

Nino Nakashidze

1872-1963 / Writer, public figure. She chaired the Society for Women of the Caucasus, sat on the board of the Society for the Promotion of Literacy among Georgians and was a member of the Georgian Writers' Union.

By Eka Tsereteli

Liza /Elisabed/ Nakashidze-Bolkvadze

1885-1937 / Public figure. In 1904 Liza became a member of Georgia's Social Democratic Party. She worked among peasants in Guria. In 1905, she supported the Mensheviks when the rift appeared in the party. 

By Irakli Khvadagiani

Minadora Orjonikidze-Toroshelidze

1879-1967 / Public figure. In 1919 she was elected to be a member of the Georgian Democratic Republic's founding congress under the Social Democrats' party list.

By Irakli Khvadagiani

Ekaterine Porakishvili-Sarajishvili

1862-1916 / Public figure, philanthropist. After marrying businessman Davit Sarajishvili, Ekaterine gained many new friends. During the last years of Russian imperial rule and during Georgia's brief independence (1918-21), their family worked to develop the Georgian "national idea", reform the education system and popularize Georgian culture.

By Lela Gaprindashvili

Mako Sapharova

1860-1940 / Actress. Mako made her successful debut in 1878 in a play by Moliere. In 1879 she became the first permanent member of the Tbilisi theatre troupe. That same year her first benefit performance was staged. 

By Shorena Gabunia

Rene Schmerling

1901-67 / Art historian. Rene was an outstanding researcher and historian of Georgian art. She was one of the founders of what is known today as the Giorgi Chubinashvili National Centre for the Study of Georgian Art History and Monument Protection.

By Tamta Tatarashvili

Kristine /Chito/ Sharashidze

1887-1973 / Public figure. Kristine became a member of the Social Democratic Workers' Party in 1905.  In 1919 she was elected to the founding congress of the Georgian Democratic Republic under the list of the Social Democrats.

By Irakli Khvadagiani

Anna /Ola/ Sologhashvili

1882-1937 / Public figure. In 1918 she became a member of the Georgian National Council and was one of the signatories of the Georgian Declaration of Independence that year. In 1919 she was elected to the founding congress of the Georgian Democratic Republic under the list of the Social Democratic Party. 

By Irakli Khvadagiani

Irina Stenberg

1904-85 / Artist, illustrator. Irina was educated in Tbilisi. In the late 1920s she entered the world of the Russian artistic elite.

By Kristine Darchia

Ekaterine Tarkhnishvili-Gabashvili

1851-1938 / Writer, public figure. Ekaterine began her pedagogical work in 1868: she opened Sunday schools. Her family duties made it impossible to continue her studies.

By Lela Gaprindashvili

Nino Tkheshelashvili

1874-1956 / Public figure. As a suffragette battling for equal rights for women, Nino got involved in the movement started after the 1905 revolution that fought for women's participation in civic and political life.

By Lela Gaprindashvili

Anastasia Tumanishvili-Tsereteli

1849-1932 / Public figure, writer. Anastasia and a group of like-minded people worked tirelessly to improve pedagogical training and education for girls.

By Lela Gaprindashvili

Tata /Tatiana/ Tvalchrelidze

1940-92 / Film historian. She established a film department together with Tamaz Kvariani at Tbilisi State University.

By Tamta Tatarashvili

Nato Vachnadze

1904-53 / Actress. The first Georgian movie star.

By Tamta Tatarashvili

Tinatin Virsaladze

1907-85 / Art historian. Tinatin was a researcher on Georgian monumental art. She was one of the founders of the Giorgi Chubinashvili Institute of Art History, 

By Tamta Tatarashvili

Bertha Von Suttner

1843-1914 / Writer, public figure. A member of Austria's high aristocracy, Bertha was a writer and peace activist who worked as Alfred Nobel's secretary. 

By Tamar Tata Tsopurashvili

Marjory Wardrop

1869-1909 / Translator. The English polyglot Marjory Wardrop started learning Georgian while still in London and in 1894 published a collection of Georgian folktales translated into English.

By Tamar Tata Tsopurashvili

Historical women

There are many women who have created new things, who made discoveries, who brought about change and weren't afraid of alterations. They did all this without knowing that their efforts would be of importance for future generations.

50 Women Fight for Change: Story That Still Continues

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